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MD Course After MBBS

After completing their MBBS degree, medical graduates have several great options for further education, known as postgraduate (PG) courses. These courses are designed to train specialists who can provide excellent healthcare and contribute to scientific progress through research and training.

Some of the popular PG courses include Doctor of Medicine (MD), Master of Surgery (MS), and Master of Business Administration (MBA) in healthcare-related subjects. These options allow MBBS graduates to explore their interests and choose a career path that aligns with their skills and preferences.

In this article, we will discuss the best PG courses available for medical students after their MBBS degree, helping them make informed decisions about their future professions.

After MBBS Post-Graduate Degree Courses 

MD in Anatomy

A PG degree in anatomy is a fascinating field of study that delves deep into the structure and functions of the human body. This course provides students with a comprehensive understanding of how our bodies work, including topics like stem cell development, genetics, human body dissection, and human evolution.

It also covers advanced imaging techniques such as MRI, CT scans, and X-ray radiography, which help physicians see the inner workings of the human body.

As an MD in Anatomy, this course doesn’t involve direct patient care, making it ideal for students interested in teaching and research. Graduates with this degree can pursue fulfilling careers in education, journalism, scientific writing, or roles that involve analysis and data interpretation.

It’s an exciting field that offers a wide range of opportunities for those who want to explore the marvels of the human body and contribute to scientific knowledge. 

MD in aerospace medicine

MD in Aerospace Medicine is one of the best options after completing the MBBS degree. An MD in aerospace medicine studies how being in space affects the physical and mental health of people.

Since medical emergencies can happen anytime and anywhere, it’s essential to have medical staff to take care of passengers on an aircraft.

With a PG degree in aerospace medicine, students learn how to prevent and treat the effects of flying on the human body.

The course includes hands-on training in areas like flight medicine, radiation health, basic flight surgeon training, getting familiar with flying conditions, and using therapies for low and high air pressure. Students can also choose other optional subjects.  

MS in orthopedics

An MS degree in orthopedics equips students with the knowledge and skills to expertly identify and address a wide range of musculoskeletal disorders. These disorders encompass congenital, developmental, inflammatory, traumatic, neuromuscular, infective, oncologic, and degenerative conditions affecting the human musculoskeletal system.

MS in orthopedics

Throughout the course, students gain a comprehensive understanding of various diagnostic and treatment methods for bone and joint disorders, such as spondylitis, rheumatoid arthritis, bone tumors, spinal cord injuries, complex limb issues, fractures, and congenital diseases.

Both surgical and non-surgical approaches are explored to effectively manage these conditions. The program covers an array of crucial topics, including peripheral nerve injuries, incision and drainage procedures, plastering techniques, microsurgery, sports medicine, amputation procedures, and arthroplasty.

By delving into these areas, students are well-prepared to provide specialized care and support to patients dealing with musculoskeletal problems, helping them restore function and enhance their quality of life.

MD in obstetrics and Gynecology

An MD in obstetrics and gynecology is a specialization that deals with female reproductive health and pregnancy-related issues. Obstetrics is the specialized part that deals with the treatment of pregnant women and their babies, doctors deal with various conditions arising during the childbirth process. 

Gynecology is a comprehensive field that not only covers obstetrics but also addresses various aspects of female reproductive health. From the beginning of puberty until the post-menopausal stage, this medical specialty involves diagnosing and treating a wide range of conditions and diseases related to the reproductive organs.

These may include cancers affecting the uterus, cervix, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. Gynecologists are well-equipped to handle and care for women’s health throughout different stages of their lives, providing essential medical support and treatments as needed.

MD in Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy

Dermatology is a specialized field of medicine that deals with problems concerning the skin, hair, and nails. As dermatologists, these doctors undergo training to diagnose and treat various skin conditions, including common ones like eczema, psoriasis, allergies on the skin and scalp, scars, and abnormal skin growths.

They also handle medical emergencies related to the skin, leprosy, sexually transmitted diseases, and venereal diseases. Dermatologists may also perform elective procedures, such as laser hair removal, collagen injections, Botox injections, and hair transplants to address specific cosmetic concerns.

Throughout their studies, aspiring dermatologists learn about skin genetics, the immunology of dermatological diseases, the structure and development of the skin, as well as cellular and molecular inflammation, skin reactions, and carcinogenesis. This comprehensive training equips them to provide expert care and solutions for various dermatological issues that patients may face.

MD in General Medicine

An MD in General Medicine deals with diagnosing, treating, and preventing various diseases. Students are taught how to use advanced technology to diagnose common medical problems, as well as rare diseases.

They also learn how to handle medical emergencies and take care of tasks like conducting diagnostic tests, monitoring patients, providing counseling, and using medical equipment.

In this field, they study important subjects like managing patients in outpatient settings, performing diagnostic tests and procedures, understanding biostatistics and clinical epidemiology, participating in conferences and practical exercises, and more.

General medicine is a great choice for those who want to explore the details of medical diagnosis. Students can later specialize in specific areas based on their interests and skills.

MD in forensic medicine

Forensic medicine applies medical knowledge to investigate criminal and civil cases. Choosing an MD in forensic medicine is ideal for students interested in research and para-clinical work.

Forensic pathologists specialize in examining deceased bodies to determine the cause of death through detailed physical examination.

They may perform medico-legal autopsies to assist law enforcement and the government in thoroughly studying a case. Additionally, they examine victims of rape and abuse in cases related to divorce, legitimacy affiliation, and marriage nullification.

The important subjects covered in this field include forensic toxicology, forensic pathology, forensic immunology, medical jurisprudence, and other basic medical sciences. By studying these areas, students gain expertise in analyzing medical evidence to contribute to legal investigations and justice.

MD in Radiology

A medical degree in radiology prepares students to use radiologic technology for diagnosing and treating diseases. Radiologists employ imaging procedures to view the internal structures of the human body and assess a patient’s health.

This field is essential for correlating radiographic findings with other tests and examinations to ensure precise diagnoses.

During the course, students gain proficiency in various medical imaging techniques and learn how to interpret the results to identify diseases and injuries accurately.

Key areas covered in radiology include radio physics, X-ray production, radiation detection and measurement, computed tomography, ultrasonography, fluoroscopy, and more. These skills enable radiologists to play a vital role in patient care and contribute to the accurate diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions.

MD in Pediatrics

Pediatrics is a specialized field of medicine focused on the health of children, infants, and adolescents. Pediatricians play a crucial role in diagnosing, treating, and preventing diseases that affect young children. They take care of various aspects of children’s health, including their physical, behavioral, and mental health. 

In their practice, pediatricians handle a wide range of responsibilities, such as conducting health check-ups, providing guidance on infant and child nutrition, administering vaccinations, diagnosing and treating congenital diseases, managing infectious diseases, addressing conditions like tonsillitis, monitoring growth and development, and offering newborn care.

To be successful in this profession, aspiring pediatricians should enjoy being around children and possess the ability to build rapport with them while also earning the trust and confidence of parents for long-term relationships. It’s a rewarding field that requires a compassionate approach and dedication to the safety of young patients.                      

MS in Ophthalmology

Ophthalmology is a medical specialty that focuses on studying the human eye’s structure, functions, and diseases. Ophthalmologists are experts in diagnosing and treating various eye disorders and conditions. In this field, medical students learn how to provide eye care, from prescribing glasses to performing complex eye surgeries.

During their training, students cover subjects such as ocular physiology (how the eye works), ocular pathology (diseases affecting the eye), orbital and ocular anatomy (the structure of the eye and its surroundings), gross anatomy (study of the eye’s physical features), biochemistry (chemical processes in the eye), microbiology (study of microorganisms), and ocular immunology (how the eye’s immune system works).

The course also includes hands-on training in clinical surgery settings, where students learn fine microsurgery techniques, intraocular surgery (surgery inside the eye), operating microscope usage, and vitreoretinal surgery (surgery for the retina and vitreous gel inside the eye).

In summary, ophthalmology is all about understanding and caring for the eyes, from simple eye prescriptions to delicate surgical procedures.

MS in general surgery

MS in general surgery, medical professionals undergo extensive training in performing operative procedures to treat injuries and diseases. General surgery primarily involves surgical interventions on abdominal organs like the stomach, liver, esophagus, colon, and thyroid gland.

Surgeons in this field commonly handle conditions such as hernias, appendicitis, stomach and intestinal issues, and gallbladder surgeries.

As part of their responsibilities, general surgeons take patient histories, conduct thorough physical examinations, and make accurate clinical diagnoses. They play a crucial role in determining the best course of action for their patients’ surgical needs.

The MS program in general surgery covers important subjects like oncology (cancer treatment), acute life support, anesthesia and pain management, critical care, urology,  neurosurgery, cardiothoracic surgery, oncology (cancer surgery), plastic surgery, and vascular surgery.

By mastering these essential areas, general surgeons become skilled and versatile professionals, capable of providing comprehensive surgical care to their patients. Their expertise contributes to the successful treatment and recovery of individuals suffering from various medical conditions.

MS in ENT (Ear Nose Throat)

ENT, also known as otolaryngology, is a popular specialty in medicine that focuses on diagnosing and treating diseases related to the ear, throat, nose, neck, and head.

ENT specialists are experts in managing various issues such as hearing and balance disorders, problems with taste and smell, difficulties in breathing and swallowing, tumors in the head and neck area, voice box concerns, facial deformities, and infections.

Some of the common conditions they handle include nosebleeds, adenoidectomies (removal of adenoids), sinusitis (sinus infections), tonsillectomies (removal of tonsils), and infected mastoids.

Otolaryngologic surgeons perform important procedures like cleft palate surgeries to correct facial abnormalities, polyp removal to treat nasal growths, and rhinoplasty to enhance the shape of the nose.

To excel in this field, ENT practitioners need essential skills such as excellent hand-eye coordination, precise manual dexterity, perfect vision, keen visuospatial awareness, and effective organizational abilities.

These qualities enable them to provide comprehensive care for patients with a wide range of ear, nose, and throat issues, helping them to improve their overall health and well-being.

MBA in healthcare management

If you are interested in a business career after an MBBS degree, an MBA in healthcare management is an apt choice to consider. Healthcare management involves the efficient management and administration of hospitals, healthcare systems, medical facilities, and public health systems. 

The primary responsibilities of healthcare management professionals are to ensure the smooth running of individual departments, hiring of qualified employees, efficient use of resources, and proper dissemination of important information throughout the organization.

Common roles in this setting are clinical directors, hospital managers, health coordinators, and health supervisors.

Courses after MBBS – Complete Details of MD/MBA/Diploma Courses

MBA after MBBS

  • MBA in Bioinformatics
  • MBA in Hospital Administration
  • MBA in Healthcare Management
  • MBA in Computational Biology
  • MBA in Hospital Management
  • MBA in Medical Administration

MCh (Master of Surgery)

MD (Doctor of Medicine)

Correspondence courses after MBBS 

  • Diploma in Sports Medicine/ Clinical Pathology/Occupational Health/ Health Education/Microbiology

Career Options after MBBS: 

  • Medical Administration, Forensics, Sports Medicine, Clinical Research, Physician, Academic Medicine

Courses after MBBS without NEET PG

  • Molecular Imaging and Image Analysis
  • Regenerative Medicine
  • Biomaterials and Implants 
  • Medical Imaging
  • Telemedicine
  • Stem Cells
  • Medical Statistics 
  • Clinical Biomarkers
  • Biosensors
  • Biomedical Instrumentation
  • Immuno-technology
  • Biomedical Simulation
  • Recombinant DNA Technology
  • Early Detection of Cancer


  • Anatomy
  • Aerospace Medicine
  • Anesthesia
  • Biochemistry
  • General Surgery
  • Forensic Medicine
  • Dermatology, Venereology & Leprosy
  • Geriatrics
  • ENT
  • Ophthalmology
  • Obstetrics & Gynaecology
  • Orthopedics


  • Bioinformatics
  • Hospital Administration
  • Healthcare Management
  • Computational Biology
  • Hospital Management
  • Medical Administration


  • ENT
  • Anesthesia
  • Clinical Pathology
  • Health Education
  • DVL
  • Occupational Health
  • Obstetrics & Gynecology’s
  • Optometry Courses
  • Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
  • Sports Medicine
  • Pulmonary Medicine
  • Microbiology
  • Hospital Administration
  • Immunohematology
  • Paramedical Courses
  • Pathology
  • Pediatrics
  • Psychiatry
  • Nuclear Medicine
  • Radiotherapy

Career Options after MBBS

The world of medical science is constantly advancing, opening up many interdisciplinary specializations for MBBS graduates. After completing their medical degree, these graduates now have a wide range of career options in various fields to explore.

  • Investment Banking
  • Medical Teacher/Professor
  • Hospital Administration
  • Health Informatics & Analytics
  • Public Health Work
  • Medical or Pharmaceutical Researcher
  • Medical Journalism & Medical Writing
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Forensic Psychiatry
  • Medico-Legal Advisor
  • Academic Medicine
  • Transplant Coordinator
  • Radiology/Diagnostic Imaging
  • Clinical Forensic Medical Examiner
  • Sports Medicine
  • Academic Medicine
  • Public Services (UPSC, SSC, etc.)

These are work options after MBBS. After completing MBBS one can decide to do MBA, MD, or MS or they even can opt to work. Based on the requirement, go with the possible option.

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